Senate confirms Hagel for defense secretary

WASHINGTON (AP) — A deeply divided Senate

voted on Tuesday to confirm Republican Chuck Hagel to be the nation's

next defense

secretary, handing President Barack Obama's pick the top Pentagon

job just days before billions of dollars in automatic, across-the-board

budget cuts hit the military.

The vote was 58-41, with four Republicans joining the Democrats in backing the contentious choice. Hagel's only GOP support

came from former colleagues Thad Cochran of Mississippi and Dick Shelby of Alabama as well as Mike Johanns of Nebraska and

Rand Paul of Kentucky.

The vote came just hours after Republicans dropped their delay of the nomination and allowed it to move forward on a 71-27

vote.

Hagel, 66, a former two-term Nebraska senator and twice-wounded Vietnam combat veteran, succeeds Defense Secretary Leon Panetta.

Hagel is expected to be sworn in at the Pentagon on Wednesday.

Republicans had opposed their onetime colleague, casting him as unqualified for the job, hostile toward Israel and soft on

Iran.

Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona said

several GOP lawmakers had "a lot of ill will" toward the moderate

Republican for

his criticism of President George W. Bush over the Iraq war and

his backing for Democratic candidates. McCain voted against

his onetime friend and fellow Vietnam veteran.

Obama portrayed the war-tested Hagel as a man who understands that conflict is not an abstraction and called him the "leader

that our troops deserve."

Hagel joins Obama's retooled second-term, national security team of Secretary of State John Kerry and CIA Director-designate

John Brennan at a time of uncertainty for a military emerging from two wars and fighting worldwide terrorism with smaller,

deficit-driven budgets.

Among his daunting challenges are deciding

on troop levels in Afghanistan as the United States winds down its

combat presence

and dealing with $46 billion in budget cuts set to kick in on

Friday. He also will have to work with lawmakers who spent weeks

vilifying him.

Republicans insisted that Hagel was battered and bloodied after their repeated attacks.

"He will take office with the weakest support of any defense secretary in modern history, which will make him less effective

on his job," said Sen. John Cornyn of Texas, the Senate GOP's No. 2 Republican.

Not so, said Democratic Sen. Jack Reed, who pointed out that Hagel now has the title and the fight is history.

"All have to work together for the interest of the country," said Reed, D-R.I.

The vote ended one of the most bitter fights over a Cabinet choice and former senator since 1989 when the Democratic-led Senate

defeated newly elected President George H.W. Bush's nomination of Republican John Tower to be defense secretary.

In the course of the rancorous, seven-week

nomination fight, Republicans, led by freshman Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas

and Sen.

Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma, insinuated that Hagel has a cozy

relationship with Iran and received payments for speeches from extreme

or radical groups. Those comments drew a rebuke from Democrats and

some Republicans.

Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., the chairman of the Armed Services Committee, dismissed the "unfair innuendoes" against Hagel and

called him an "outstanding American patriot" whose background as an enlisted soldier would send a positive message to the

nation's servicemen and women.

Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., questioned how the confirmation process devolved into a character assassination in which Hagel

was accused of "having secret ties with our enemies."

"I sincerely hope that the practice of challenging nominations with innuendo and inference, rather than facts and figures,

was an aberration and not a roadmap," she said in a statement after the vote.

Obama got no points with the GOP for tapping the former two-term Republican senator. Republican lawmakers excoriated Hagel

and cast him as a radical far out of the mainstream.

McCain clashed with his onetime friend over

his opposition to Bush's decision to send an extra 30,000 troops to Iraq

in 2007

at a point when the war seemed in danger of being lost. Hagel, who

voted to authorize military force in Iraq, later opposed

the conflict, comparing it to Vietnam and arguing that it shifted

the focus from Afghanistan.

Republicans also challenged Hagel about a May 2012 study that he co-authored for the advocacy group Global Zero, which called

for an 80 percent reduction of U.S. nuclear weapons and the eventual elimination of all the world's nuclear arms.

The group argued that with the Cold War

over, the United States could reduce its total nuclear arsenal to 900

without sacrificing

security. Currently, the U.S. and Russia have about 5,000 warheads

each, either deployed or in reserve. Both countries are

on track to reduce their deployed strategic warheads to 1,550 by

2018, the number set in the New START treaty that the Senate

ratified in December 2010.

In an echo of the 2012 presidential

campaign, Hagel faced an onslaught of criticism by well-funded,

Republican-leaning outside

groups that labeled the former senator "anti-Israel" and pressured

senators to oppose the nomination. The groups ran television

and print ads criticizing Hagel.

Opponents were particularly incensed by Hagel's use of the term "Jewish lobby" to refer to pro-Israel groups. He apologized,

saying he should have used another term and should not have said those groups have intimidated members of the Senate into

favoring actions contrary to U.S. interests.

The nominee spent weeks reaching out to members of the Senate, meeting individually with lawmakers to address their concerns

and seeking to reassure them about his policies.

Hagel's inconsistent performance during some eight hours of testimony during his confirmation hearing last month undercut

his cause.

On Feb. 12, the Armed Services Committee approved the nomination on a party-line vote of 14-11. Two days later, a Democratic

move to vote on the nomination fell a few votes short as Republicans insisted they needed more time to consider the pick.

Hagel's nomination also became entangled in

Republican demands for more information about the deadly assault on the

U.S. diplomatic

mission in Benghazi, Libya, last September. Ambassador Chris

Stevens and three other Americans were killed in that attack.