Obama proposals face quick opposition in Congress

WASHINGTON (AP) — President Barack Obama set up high-stakes clashes with Republicans over guns, immigration, taxes and climate

change in a State of the Union address that showcased his determination to mark his legacy. Republicans urged Obama to get

out of campaign mode and offer more than "gimmicks and tax hikes."

At the center of looming confrontations in

Washington is a fight over the very role of government, with Obama

pushing a raft

of new initiatives to improve preschool programs and voting, boost

manufacturing and research and development, raise the minimum

wage and lower energy use. "It is our unfinished task to make sure

that this government works on behalf of the many and not

just the few," he said.

Republicans who control the House and hold enough votes to stall legislation in the Senate were just as quick to declare that

the government helps best by getting out of the way.

"An opportunity to bring together the country instead became another retread of lip service and liberalism," Senate Republican

Leader Mitch McConnell said Wednesday from the chamber floor, saying the president offered little more than "gimmicks and

tax hikes."

"Last night's speech was a pedestrian liberal boilerplate that any Democratic lawmaker could have given at any time in recent

history," McConnell said.

House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan,

the GOP's vice presidential candidate last fall, said Wednesday morning

that Obama's

leadership style stands in the way of bipartisan efforts to

resolve problems like the ballooning deficit. "He seems to always

be in campaign mode, where he treats people in the other party as

enemies rather than partners," the Wisconsin Republican

said in an interview on "CBS This Morning."

Ryan was asked if he supported House Speaker John Boehner's remark Tuesday that he didn't believe Obama "has the guts" to

stand up to liberals in his own party on spending cuts.

"That's why the congressman makes remarks like that," Ryan said of Boehner.

The morning-after comments came as Obama was

to set off on a three-state trip, starting in North Carolina, to sell

to voters

the programs he outlined in his address. Obama hit the road

frequently in campaign-style trips in December to appeal directly

to voters for the approach that he favored, including new taxes,

to avoid the so-called "fiscal cliff."

Republican critics have said the president should stay home and focus his attention on dealing directly with Congress on these

issues.

In the formal Republican response to Obama's address, Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., said, "More government isn't going to help

you get ahead. It's going to hold you back. More government isn't going to create more opportunities. It's going to limit

them."

"And more government isn't going to inspire

new ideas, new businesses and new private sector jobs. It's going to

create uncertainty,"

said Rubio, a rising star in the party.

Uncompromising and aggressive, Obama pressed

his agenda on social issues and economic ones, declaring himself

determined to

intervene to right income inequality and boost the middle class.

He called on Congress to pass comprehensive immigration reform

with a pathway to citizenship for 11 million illegal immigrants,

far-reaching gun control measures and a climate bill to cut

greenhouse gas emissions. He threatened to go around Congress with

executive actions on climate change if it fails to act.

But Obama cannot count on willing partners

on those issues, any one of which could tie Congress in knots for months

with no

guarantee of success. Gun control, which Obama made a focus of his

speech, faces dim prospects on Capitol Hill. The prospect

for immigration legislation is better, but no sure thing. Climate

change legislation is given no chance of success.

And Obama addressed relatively briefly the looming fiscal crises confronting the nation and inevitably sucking up oxygen on

Capitol Hill — the deep automatic spending cuts or "sequester" to take effect March 1, followed by the government running

out of money to fund federal agencies March 27. He made clear he will continue to press for the rich to pay more in taxes,

a position Republicans have rejected.

Republicans, meanwhile, made clear they're in little mood to cooperate.

"We are only weeks away from the devastating

consequences of the president's sequester, and he failed to offer the

cuts needed

to replace it," Boehner said in a statement. "In the last

election, voters chose divided government which offers a mandate

only to work together to find common ground. The president,

instead, appears to have chosen a go-it-alone approach to pursue

his liberal agenda."

Earlier Tuesday, in a meeting with

television correspondents and anchors, Boehner, R-Ohio, said immigration

is about the only

item on Obama's list that has a chance of passing this year. He

said the president is more interested in getting a Democratic

majority in both chambers next year.

Obama did reiterate his willingness to tackle entitlement changes, particularly on Medicare, though he has ruled out increasing

the eligibility age for the popular benefit program for seniors.

"Those of us who care deeply about programs

like Medicare must embrace the need for modest reforms — otherwise, our

retirement

programs will crowd out the investments we need for our children

and jeopardize the promise of a secure retirement for future

generations," he said.

"But we can't ask senior citizens and working families to shoulder the entire burden of deficit reduction while asking nothing

more from the wealthiest and most powerful."

On immigration, a bipartisan group of negotiators in the Senate is working to craft legislation embracing Obama's call for

a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants but making such a path contingent on first securing the border, a linkage

Obama has not supported.

But there's no guarantee the Senate

bipartisan plan will find favor with the full Senate or the House. The

first test may

come Wednesday morning when the Senate Judiciary Committee opens

its hearings on a comprehensive immigration overhaul. Deep

fault lines emerged even before the hearing began, with a leading

committee Republican, Sen. Jeff Sessions of Alabama, calling

Obama's remarks on immigration "deeply troubling."

"The biggest obstacle we face to reform is

this nation's failure to establish lawfulness in the system," Sessions

said. "The

president's immigration plan meets the desire of businesses for

low-wage foreign workers while doing nothing to protect struggling

American workers."

The president implored lawmakers to break through partisan logjams, asserting that "the greatest nation on earth cannot keep

conducting its business by drifting from one manufactured crisis to the next."

"Americans don't expect government to solve every problem," he said. "They do expect us to forge reasonable compromise where

we can."