Rwandan ex-intel chief convicted in genocide trial

By By The Associated Press

PARIS — Paris court delivered France's first-ever conviction for genocide Friday, sentencing a Rwandan former intelligence

chief to 25 years in prison over the 1994 killings of at least 500,000 people in the African country.

The landmark trial of 54-year-old Pascal Simbikangwa (Sim-BEE-kangh-wah) sets off what could be the first of dozens of French

trials into one of the 20th century's greatest atrocities — two decades after it happened.

In a late night verdict after 5 ½ weeks on trial, he was found guilty of genocide and complicity to crimes against humanity.

It wasn't immediately clear whether Simbikangwa's lawyers would appeal.

While French officialdom wasn't on trial, critics say France was too supportive of Rwandan government and for too long turned

a blind eye to the genocide.

Simbikangwa proclaimed his innocence and insisted he never even saw any of the bodies that littered the country's roads and

towns at the time.

In his final appeal to the jury Friday morning, Simbikangwa insisted that the "authenticity of my innocence needs no more


Prosecution and defense lawyers noted the seminal nature of the trial, the first in which a French court has decided on a

case of genocide.

Critics — many of them French citizens — say authorities from then-President Francois Mitterrand down thought that France's

strong support for the Hutu-led Rwandan government was wise. Naively at best, those officials helped some perpetrators to

flee Rwanda and others with ties to the genocide lived in France for years unpunished, the critics say.

French prosecutors are investigating about

two dozen cases into Rwandans allegedly linked to the genocide, plus

several others

over alleged rape and complicity in genocide that haven't yet

identified a defendant. A former military police officer, Paul

Barril, is under investigation for allegedly having struck a deal

to provide arms, munitions and training to Rwandan forces

at the height of the genocide.

It is not yet clear when or if such cases

will go to trial, but some sought to use the Simbikangwa trial to focus


of the alleged French role in the genocide. Riot police encircled

about 10 activists who shouted "France was complicit in

Rwanda's genocide!" as they tried to demonstrate outside the

courthouse. They didn't have the proper permit, and were escorted

away, officials said.