Black leaders seek Cochran's help after runoff win

By The Associated Press

JACKSON, Miss. — After black voters helped Mississippi Sen. Thad Cochran survive an intense Republican primary runoff against

an insurgent conservative challenger, some civil rights leaders in the South want him to repay the favor.

Their request? Cochran should lead the charge in the Senate to renew a key section of the Voting Rights Act struck down last

year by the Supreme Court’s conservative majority.

“But for the Voting Rights Act, those African-Americans who turned out to the polls ... to support his re-election would not

have had the opportunity to do so,” said Mississippi NAACP President Derrick Johnson.

Cochran deeply angered some

conservatives with his unabashed appeal to Democrats in the June 24

runoff election against state

Sen. Chris McDaniel, who eked out a win with the support of tea

party groups in the state’s primary but didn’t win the outright

majority required to avoid a runoff against the six-term

incumbent.

Black Mississippians, who AP exit polls

have indicated overwhelmingly vote Democratic, have voted for Cochran

in general elections

before but have never before been such a key voting bloc in a

contested GOP contest. He must now ponder how to respond to

that unusual primary coalition while mending fissures inside the

state GOP, which is mostly supported by voters who are white.

That task is complicated by requests

such as those made by Johnson, as well as a potential legal challenge

from McDaniel.

He and his supporters argue — so far without presenting any

definitive evidence — that Cochran won because “liberal Democrats”

voted in the June 3 Democratic primary and then in the Republican

runoff three weeks later, violating the state’s ban on what’s

called crossover voting. McDaniel said Friday on CNN that his

campaign found at least 5,000 irregularities in voting, and

he will mount a legal challenge “any day now.”

It’s just one more twist in an election

that affirms politics in Mississippi and surrounding Southern states is

sometimes

still all about race, even a half century after President Lyndon

Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting

Rights Act of 1965.

“One has to be careful what we ask the

senator to do,” said Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, the District of

Columbia’s envoy to

Congress who worked in Mississippi during the civil rights

movement as part of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

“Everyone expects to get votes from both sides, and he’s been under attack from that,” she said. “I wouldn’t expect him to

immediately stand up and make this his fight. His first task is to get himself back to the Senate.”

Cochran was among the Republicans who

generally celebrated the Supreme Court’s decision a year ago to remove

from the Voting

Rights Act a requirement that governments in 15 states with a

history of discrimination seek and win federal approval before

making changes to their election laws and procedures — from

polling hours to precinct borders.

“The court’s finding reflects well on

the progress states like Mississippi have made,” Cochran said after the

court ruled,

adding “our state can ... ensure that our democratic processes are

open and fair for all without being subject to excessive

scrutiny.”

Many voting rights advocates,

particularly the NAACP and other minority advocacy groups, maintain that

federal oversight is

still needed. An effort is underway to address the court’s

concerns that the law was based on old data by restoring the

“preclearance”

requirement to four states with a recent history of voting

discrimination — Georgia, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi.

That legislation is caught in the same partisan gridlock that has stalled action on most issues in the current Congress, and

Holmes said it’s accepted on Capitol Hill there will be no votes before November’s midterm election.

Cochran declined a request for comment

about his position on that effort and hasn’t said anything publicly

about the Voting

Rights Act since his come-from-behind win in a runoff election

that featured a surge in turnout compared to the primary, particularly

in counties where a majority of voters are black.

Francys Johnson, who leads the NAACP in

Georgia, said he believes Cochran and his Republican colleagues in the

Senate understand

that minorities — and not just black voters — still need

protections to ensure they can vote. But, he said, “they’ve got one

eye on the tea party and one eye on the general population.”

“Republicans have been at the heart of

every major movement in civil rights in this country, whether it’s in

first Reconstruction

after the Civil War or what I call the second Reconstruction after

Jim Crow,” he said. “If they don’t step up, they risk losing

that identity as a party of liberty.”

Norton said Cochran is a “fair-minded senator who has never exacerbated divisions” in race in Mississippi and noted that he

voted, along with the overwhelming majority of Congress, to renew the section of the Voting Rights Act struck down by the

high court as recently as 2006.

But, she argues, it’s also unfair to single out Cochran and other Southern lawmakers. She notes that no Republican senator

from any part of the country has signed on to sponsor the proposed update to the law.

“What about the northern senators who don’t have the pressures back home,” she said. “Where are they?”