Ariz. governor vetoes religious freedom bill

By By The Associated Press

PHOENIX — Gov. Jan Brewer on Wednesday

vetoed a Republican bill that set off a national debate over gay rights,

religion

and discrimination and subjected Arizona to blistering criticism

from major corporations and political leaders from both parties.

Her decision defused a national furor over gay rights and religious freedom.

"My agenda is to sign into law legislation that advances Arizona," Brewer said at a news conference. "I call them like I seem

them despite the tears or the boos from the crowd."

The governor said she gave the legislation careful deliberation in talking to her lawyers, citizens and lawmakers on both

sides of the debate.

The bill backed by Republicans in the

Legislature was designed to give added protection from lawsuits to

people who assert

their religious beliefs in refusing service to gays. But opponents

called it an open attack on gays that invited discrimination.

The bill thrust Arizona into the national spotlight last week after both chambers of the state legislature approved it. As

the days passed, more and more groups, politicians and average citizens weighed in against Senate Bill 1062. Many took to

social media to criticize the bill, calling it an attack on gay and lesbian rights.

Prominent Phoenix business groups said it

would be another black eye for the state that saw a national backlash

over its 2010

immigration-crackdown law, SB1070, and warned that businesses

looking to expand into the state may not do so if bill became

law.

Companies such as Apple Inc. and American

Airlines and politicians including GOP Sen. John McCain and former

Republican presidential

nominee were among those who urged Brewer to veto the legislation.

Brewer was under intense pressure to veto

the bill, including from three Republicans who had voted for the bill

last week.

They said in a letter to Brewer that while the intent of their

vote "was to create a shield for all citizens' religious liberties,

the bill has been mischaracterized by its opponents as a sword for

religious intolerance."

SB 1062 allows people to claim their religious beliefs as a defense against claims of discrimination. Backers cite a New Mexico

Supreme Court decision that allowed a gay couple to sue a photographer who refused to document their wedding, even though

the law that allowed that suit doesn't exist in Arizona.

Republican Sen. Steve Yarbrough called his proposal a First Amendment issue during a Senate debate.

"This bill is not about allowing discrimination," Yarbrough said. "This bill is about preventing discrimination against people

who are clearly living out their faith."

Democrats said it was a veiled attempt to legally discriminate against gay people and could allow people to break nearly any

law and cite religious freedom as a defense.

"The heart of this bill would allow for discrimination versus gays and lesbians," said Sen. Steve Gallardo, D-Phoenix. "You

can't argue the fact that bill will invite discrimination. That's the point of this bill. It is."

The bill is similar to a proposal last year

brought by Yarbrough but vetoed by Brewer, a Republican. That

legislation also

would have allowed people or religious groups to sue if they

believed they might be subject to a government regulation that

infringed on their religious rights. Yarbrough stripped that

provision from the bill in the hopes Brewer will embrace the

new version.

Civil-liberties and secular groups countered

that Yarbrough and the Center for Arizona Policy, a powerful social

conservative

group that backs anti-abortion and conservative Christian

legislation in the state and is opposed to gay marriage, had sought

to minimize concerns that last year's bill had far-reaching and

hidden implications.

Yarbrough called those worries "unrealistic and unsupported hypotheticals" and said criminal laws will continue to be prosecuted

by the courts.

The Center for Arizona Policy argues the law is needed to protect against increasingly activist federal courts and simply

clarifies existing state law. "We see a growing hostility toward religion," said Josh Kredit, legal counsel for the group.

Similar religious-protection legislation has been introduced in Ohio, Mississippi, Idaho, South Dakota, Tennessee and Oklahoma,

but Arizona's plan is the only one that has been passed by a state legislature. The efforts are stalled in Idaho, Ohio and

Kansas.

The push in Arizona comes as an increasing number of conservative states grapple with ways to counter the growing legality

of gay marriage. Arizona's voters approved a ban on gay marriage as a state constitutional amendment in 2008. It is one of

29 states with such constitutional prohibitions, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Federal judges have recently struck down those bans in Utah, Oklahoma and Virginia, but those decisions are under appeal.